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專家全面剖析新GRE閱讀(1)

2018-04-18 來源:思潤教育
閱讀(1841)
摘要:55年來首次發生重大變革的新GRE考試在考試題型上發生了很大變化,參加新GRE考試的考生需要對新GRE考試題型的變化了解,為了幫助大家對新GRE考試題型的掌握,下面新東方在線專家針對新GRE閱讀進行全面剖析。

  55年來首次發生重大變革的新GRE考試在考試題型上發生了很大變化,參加新GRE考試的考生需要對新GRE考試題型的變化了解,為了幫助大家對新GRE考試題型的掌握,下面針對新GRE閱讀進行全面剖析。


  新GRE考試題型總體宏觀變化

  從ETS官方網站的敘述中,最為核心的整個考試的新GRE閱讀變化趨勢為如下幾點:

  Greater emphasis on higher cognitive skills and less dependence on vocabulary

  More text-based materials, such as reading passages

  A broader selection of reading passages

  Emphasis on skills related to graduate work, such as complex reasoning

  Expansion of computer-enabled tasks (e.g., clicking on a sentence in a passage to highlight it)

  Two 40-minute sections rather than one 30-minute section

  逐點分析,不難發現幾乎每條都于閱讀部分難度和重要性的提高分不開的。所為cognitive認知性能力,是所有閱讀測試的核心,即主要依賴文章本身而非經驗性的一種理解能力。不僅在能力上提出了更高要求,閱讀文章本身不論從選擇題材的廣度,每個Section考察的篇幅數量都大大提升。在計算機新媒介的輔助下,ETS把GRE閱讀注冊商標般的推理也提高到新的層次進行考察。簡而言之,閱讀可謂成為了新GRE考試中的重中之重。

  樣題剖析

  筆者對給出的樣題中閱讀部分做一個綜合評述,慢慢揭開新GRE閱讀的神秘面紗。在對題目做完剖析之后,總結相關的變化和值得注意的要點。

  Questions 6 through 8 are based on the following reading passage.

  Music critics have consistently defined James P. Johnson as a great early jazz pianist, originator of the 1920's Harlem "stride" style, and an important blues and jazz composer. In addition, however, Johnson was an innovator in classical music, composing symphonic music that incorporated American, and especially African-American, traditions.

  Such a blend of musical elements was not entirely new: by 1924 both Milhaud and Gershwin had composed classical works that incorporated elements of jazz. Johnson, a serious musician more experienced than most classical composers with jazz, blues, spirituals, and popular music, was particularly suited to expand Milhaud's and Gershwin's experiments. In 1927 he completed his first large-scale work, the blues- and jazz-inspired Yamekraw, which included borrowings from spirituals and Johnson's own popular songs. Yamekraw, premiered successfully in Carnegie Hall, was a major achievement for Johnson, becoming his most frequently performed extended work. It demonstrated vividly the possibility of assimilating contemporary popular music into the symphonic tradition.

  本選文難度和風格幾乎和現行的GRE閱讀沒有太大區別。題材又談到了黑人,尤其是爵士音樂。這種題材在95-00筆考期間也經常出現。把握住文章首段重要詞匯however抓住主題。分清文中矛盾對象(創新與傳統,不同音樂家間的邏輯聯系),文章應該比較容易處理。

  6. The passage states that Johnson composed all of the following EXCEPT

  A. jazz works  B. popular songs  C. symphonic music  D. spirituals  E. blues pieces

  此題正確答案為D。文中開始談到Johnson作為偉大爵士音樂家,因為其創始了新的風格,其中包括了blues and jazz。而在文章末句提到了他吸收了同時代的popular music以及symphonic。注意該題的spirituals文中確實也出現過,但是措辭用的是borrow from,題干問的是compose。

  7. Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

  The author suggests which of the following about most classical composers of the early 1920's?

  A. They were strongly influenced by the musical experiments of Milhaud and Gershwin.

  B. They had little working familiarity with such forms of American music as jazz, blues, and popular songs

  C. They made few attempts to introduce innovations into the classical symphonic tradition

  本題即為新GRE閱讀中新醞釀推出的所謂恐怖的"多選題"。其實這種題型即為原來GRE閱讀中羅馬數字題的變體,只是難度進一步加大。正確答案B?!猅hey had little working familiarity with such forms of American music as jazz, blues, and popular songs。本題從出題點分析涉及文中的比較點。最后的邏輯關系用東方閱讀體系表示可以是:Johnson=Milhaud and Gershwin<>most composers。運用取非解題思路。

  8. The author suggests that most critics have

  A. underrated the popularity of Yamekraw

  B. undervalued Johnson's musical abilities

  C. had little interest in Johnson's influence on jazz

  D. had little regard for classical works that incorporate popular music

  E. neglected Johnson's contribution to classical symphonic music

  此題正確答案為E。該題題干提到的critics指引考生定位到文章首段。經過邏輯和套路熟練訓練后,不難把握Music critics have consistently defined James P. Johnson as a great early jazz pianist…… however, Johnson was an innovator in classical music。類似于兩個觀點的對立,為結構上重要內容。

  以上就是針對新GRE考試題型變化的相關介紹,通過文章的詳細介紹,相信大家對新GRE閱讀部分的變化有了一些了解,希望能夠給考生提供一些幫助,小編預祝大家考出好成績。


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